YESTERDAY AND TODAY KARATE
Karate – translated from Japanese literally means “empty hands” – this is the name of one of the types of martial arts, similar to boxing, wrestling, fencing and other sports.
Karate as a method of self-defense was most developed, apparently, in the East, although historical documents show that various martial arts methods occupied an important place in different countries in the preparation of armies. Types of self-defense and attack were known in Ancient Rome, Egypt. India, China and many other countries.
In numerous wars of the period of the slave system, when the soldiers were armed with sabers, spears, daggers and bows, personal martial arts often decided the success of hostilities. That is why in Ancient Continue reading
Pankration is an ancient Olympic type of martial arts, revived in our time. Pankration entered the program of the ancient Olympic Games in 648 BC. The origin of this martial art is associated with the legends of the ancient Greek heroes of Theseus and Heracles. Theseus used a similar battle technique in the battle with the Minotaur, and Hercules used the pankration in the fight against the Nemean lion.
Pankration began on the 4th day of the Olympic Games and consisted of a duel between two athletes. Competitions were held on a special platform, covered with a layer of sand. It was in pankration that one could determine the most powerful and courageous athletes. Pankration was the most difficult competition Continue reading
There is evidence that the secret ninja clans in Japan began their history in the 9-12th centuries, along with the formation of the samurai class. Their predecessors can be considered the hermits of the Yamabushi, who already in the 8th century lived in the mountains, professing one of the directions of Buddhism. These hermits were engaged in hard training, preached complete unity with nature, and in addition, they collected and stored various information from various sciences – chemistry, medicine, etc. Initially, secret ninjutsu societies were not connected in any way with military affairs, but after a certain time significant changes took place .
Ninjutsu itself is believed to be based on Chinese sources. But the very concept of “ninjutsu” includes only a small part of the art of ninjutsu – hiding, creating and creating an atmosphere of secrecy. The task of the ninja was to introduce enemies, carry out certain subversive works or commit murder, after which the ninja had to return after a successful operation.
Usually, ninjas hired feudal lords of various levels as mercenary spies, terrorists, murderers, and saboteurs, ready to pay a certain amount of money for the work of specialists. The ninja structure consisted of close-knit families united Continue reading