Boxing is a type of martial arts where athletes use fist punches with the help of special gloves. The game has a referee who controls the fight. The fight lasts 3-12 rounds. The winner of the athlete can be considered when the opponent is knocked down and is not able to independently rise within 10 seconds, which is called a knockout, or if the opponent received an injury due to which he cannot continue the fight, which is called technical knockout. If after a certain number of rounds the fight has not stopped, then the winner is determined by the judges.
The first evidence of such competitions is imprinted on Egyptian, Minoan and Sumerian reliefs. Fist fighting tournaments that resemble boxing took place in ancient Greece. Boxing became a truly martial art in 688 BC. Then, fisticuffs were first included in the program of the Olympic Games. The modern concept of boxing originated in the 18th century in England.
Today, if the boxer is knocked down, the judge counts to 10. Such rules became a source of regulation of boxing fights back in 1867 thanks to the Marquis of Queensberry.
According to the rules, each round lasts 3 minutes, although the practice of using two-minute rounds, for example, in the UK. Each boxer, in the ring, leaves his corner, where he must return after each round in order to rest, he will receive the necessary help from a doctor or advice from a trainer. The referee monitors the course of the battle while in the ring, constantly monitors the behavior of the fighters, and also counts down knockdowns and may fine for violation of the rules. In addition, there can be up to three judges next to the ring who will assign points to the participants.
A boxer can be considered a winner if his opponent is knocked out. In the event that the combatant touches the floor with any part of the body, with the exception of the legs, the referee starts the countdown. If, in 10 seconds, the boxer rises, the fight can continue, but if not, then he is considered knocked out, and his opponent receives a victory. The fight may end with a technical knockout. Such a knockout is recognized by the doctor, referee or boxer corner if he cannot continue the fight or is injured. The rule of three knockdowns also applies, when such a quantity can be equated to a technical knockout. If the match is over, but none of the participants won an early victory, then further actions are determined by the judges. The winner is the athlete who scored more points than his opponent, but sometimes draws can also happen.
Boxing rules prohibit athletes from holding each other, striking below the waist, biting, pushing, spitting and fighting, beating with their head, foot, knee or other part of the hand, except for a clenched fist, i.e. with a shoulder, wrist, open palm, forearm, elbow. In addition, it is forbidden to strike in the back of the head and neck, in the back, in the kidneys. During a strike, you cannot hold on to an opponent or a rope and dive below the waist. Before striking, both fighters must retreat. If the opponent is knocked down, the second athlete must move to neutral territory and wait for the judge to decide.
The referee has the right to make a warning or punish for breaking the rules, removing points or announcing a disqualification. If an unlawful act involving injury to an opponent was intentional, as a rule, this leads to disqualification. An athlete who received an accidental blow below the belt has the right to recover his strength in 5 minutes. If after 5 minutes, the athlete is still not ready to continue the fight, then he is recognized as knocked out. An accidental clash of heads also falls under a special rule clause. If this happened during the first four rounds, then the fight is considered to be a draw or a failed one. But, if this event occurred in the next rounds, then the fight stops, and the judge counts the votes for the previous rounds. If the collision was intentional, then such actions are considered a violation and fined.
Amateur Boxing In the modern version of amateur boxing, participants are required to wear a helmet. This kind of boxing can be seen both at the Olympic Games and at the Commonwealth Games. Amateur boxing has a scoring system that is assigned for an exact blow to the opponent’s face. In the Commonwealth Games and the Olympic Games, fights consist of 4 rounds of 3 minutes each. In those competitions held with the support of the Amateur Boxing Association, a system of 3 rounds of 3 minutes each is used. There is a one-minute break between rounds.