Kuresh is a traditional sports struggle of the Turkic peoples, which is carried out as a belt wrestling. Among the Bashkirs, Chuvashs, Tatars, Kuresh is an important component of national holidays – Sabantuy, Jien and Akatuy. This struggle is also in the register of national sports. The winner of the all-Russian competitions is awarded the title of master of sports.
The history of the Kuresh fight Competitions for this type of dispute were held on holidays, weddings, during large bids. This is an independent sport, as well as a method of physical fitness.
In the 80s of the last century, Komil Yusupov, who is a famous fighter of kuresh, judo and sambo, actively advocates for the revival of kuresh, and began research in order to study the Uzbek wrestling. The purpose of the scientific work was to develop universal rules for kuresh, and these rules would have to meet all international standards. In the next decade – in the 90s, they actively began to revive kuresh in Uzbekistan, and in different parts of the country there were their own rules.
September 6, 1998 in Tashkent, the International Kuresh Association was created, which was held with the participation of 28 countries of Asia, Africa and Europe.
The following year, the first world championship in Kuresh took place in Tashkent next May.
But the historical event for this sport was the date of January 24, 2003, at the 22nd Assembly of the Olympic Council of Asia, this sport was recognized as an official sport by this continental organization, subordinate to the International Olympic Committee. So it became possible to add this sport to the program of the Asian Games – the continental version of the Olympic Games.
In 2006, the 15th Asian Games were held in Qatar, at which competitions for Kuresh were also held for the first time. And in 2009, the official version of the Kuresh competitions was held in the program of the 2 Asian Games – the First Asian Martial Arts Games in Thailand and the Third Asian Indoor Games in Vietnam.
In 2002, the Association approved the highest competition award – the “Golden Order of the IAC”, which is awarded to leaders of countries, famous political and public figures, famous people who have contributed to the international dissemination of Kuresh. The decision on the awarding lies with the IAC Executive Committee. The first order was awarded to the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in 2002, the second – belongs to the leader of the Indian National Congress, Son Gandhi.
By 2008, federations from 102 countries in Asia, Africa, America, Europe and Oceania were members of the Kuresh Association, and in the same year another 12 countries joined the association, including Turkey. So at the end of 2008, the association already included 114 countries.
In 2010, in Tatarstan, in Kazan, the world championship on kuresh was held.
Rules of struggle Kuresh. In this fight compete, being in a rack standing according to the accepted rules. All shots made in the rack are judged by the judges.
If the scores of the rivals are the same, the victory is awarded according to the last awarded score.
If the participant (participant) received both an assessment and a punishment, priority is given to the evaluation.
Competitions are held according to the Olympic system, there are no comforting fights.
In Kuresh, they evaluate the techniques that were started inside the tatami safe area and completed outside the tatami dangerous line.
The men’s duel lasts 4 minutes of pure time, adolescents and competitors over 35 years old fight for 3 minutes, and women, children and persons over 56 years of age – 2 minutes.
Features of the fight
The main feature of kuresh among the Chuvashs and Kazakhs is that the belt wrestling is carried out with an active struggle of the legs, unlike the Tatars, in whom the struggle does not include the struggle with the legs. Azizov, Shaikhutdinov and other founders of the national struggle compiled a certain set of rules that corresponded to traditions. Azizov wanted to make the masters of the Tatar wrestling strong in the classical wrestling – that is why their national sport is more focused on the classical options.